Ontario WWII Re-enactors Forum Index Ontario WWII Re-enactors
This forum is where WWII Re-enactors can share their knowledge
 
 FAQFAQ   SearchSearch   MemberlistMemberlist   UsergroupsUsergroups   RegisterRegister 
 ProfileProfile   Log in to check your private messagesLog in to check your private messages   Log inLog in 

Interesting replacements statistics for the Heer.

 
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Ontario WWII Re-enactors Forum Index -> WWII
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
Karsten Heidt
FULL SUPPORTING MEMBER
FULL SUPPORTING MEMBER


Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 560
Location: Toronto

PostPosted: Tue Mar 18, 2014 12:05 pm    Post subject: Interesting replacements statistics for the Heer. Reply with quote

KStN 2301, dated 1.5.1944 and therefore the product of considerable wartime experience, is the document that specifies the organization of a "Marschbataillon für Infanterie und Panzertruppen". Marschbataillon was a unit responsible for conveying new recruits to the front and feeding them in to combat units to maintain their strength.

This document lists the desired percentages of each military occupation among the body of recruits. I have reproduced these optimal percentages below:

1) For Infantry, Light Infantry, or Mountain Infantry Divisions:

92% infantrymen, comprising:

55% light machine gunners

12% heavy machine gunners

6% mortarmen

3% antitank gunners

3% infantry gun crew

4% engineers

4% radio and telephone operators

1% drivers for trucks, cars, motorcycles

1% riders and drivers for saddle and wagon horses

3% mule drivers

8% artillerymen, comprising:

1.5% gunners for light artillery

1% gunners for heavy artillery

2.5% radio and telephone operators (more radiomen)

1.5% riders and drivers for saddle and wagon horses

0.5% drivers for trucks and cars

1% artillery survey and ranging troops

2) for Panzer and Panzergrenadier Divisions:

92% Panzergrenadiers or Grenadiers (motorized), comprising:

55% light machine gunners

10% heavy machine gunners

6% mortarmen

3% antitank gunners

3% infantry gun crew

5% engineers

2% motorcyclists

5% drivers for trucks and cars

5% telephone operators

8% artillerymen, comprising:

1.5% gunners for light artillery

1% gunners for heavy artillery

2.5% radio and telephone operators (more radiomen)

2.5% drivers for trucks, cars, prime movers, self-propelled guns, Kettenkrads

0.5% artillery survey and ranging troops

Armoured units drew recruits from a different type of Marschbataillon.

Looking at these numbers, you get a good sense of where the turnover in these units largely occurred: disproportionately in the infantry units, and most especially the light machine gunners (every man in a rifle Gruppe was trained as a LMG gunner, and fell in to this category for replacement purposes). Artillery barely turned over at all under normal combat conditions. Also noteworthy is the high percentage of signallers, indicating the priority the Germans continued to place on battlefield communication, and how close to the firing line these guys often operated.

I sourced this document from the KStN's on [url]wwiidaybyday.com[/url]. Translated by me.
_________________
Gefreiter Karsten Heidt
5./Fallschirm-Jäger Regiment 5

Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Ontario WWII Re-enactors Forum Index -> WWII All times are GMT - 5 Hours
Page 1 of 1

 
Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group